Our children learn synthetic phonics helping them to blend sounds to make a word. Phonics is a method of teaching children how spoken words are composed of sounds called 'phonemes' and how the letters in words correspond to those phonemes.
English is essentially a code that can be encoded (written) and decoded (read). We teach our children this 'code' and the rules and regularities of the written language.
Children are taught that they can make a word from the sounds and then break it down when they want to spell it.
We have 26 letters in the alphabet and 44 phonemes in the spoken language. There are many letter combinations needed to make the 44 phonemes (smallest unit of sound).
Read Write inc
We use a scheme called Read Write Inc for our phonics teaching.
Read Write Inc (RWI) is a phonic literacy programme which helps all children learn to read fluently and at speed so they can focus on developing their skills in comprehension, vocabulary and spelling.
In Read Write Inc Phonics, the individual sounds are called ‘speed sounds’ – because we want your child to read them effortlessly.
Each speed sound has a special picture to help the children to remember it.
There is much more detail about phoncis in this parent booklet PHONICS INFORMATION